BY GREEN & WICKS
considering a style of architecture for the Machinery Building the thought
impressed itself of the fundamental idea of the Exposition - Pan-American:
that is, a style expressive of "all the Americas." The logical
thing to do, therefore, was to adopt the Spanish-American Renaissance,
the typical style of architecture of this continent. It is a style that
lends itself readily to exposition buildings, for it is not too serious
and can readily be made gay and expressive of the exposition spirit. The
mission building is the product of that period in Mexico and Lower California
when the Jesuits and Franciscan friars practically ruled the country.
They built many of these low, comfortable, arcaded, cloister-like structures.
The early types, however, are too somber, though well suited, with their
great covering-space, low roofs, and cool arcades, for exposition buildings.
The style needs enlivenment, ornament, and color. These qualities have
been taken from later and more pretentious Spanish buildings. The Machinery
Building was built around a court intended to be the chief feature of
the building, as it was in the old Spanish structures, their peculiar
charm being due to this quiet, retired court, with its flowers and pools
of water. The court, however, in this case has been taken for exposition
purposes, owing to the demand for greater space by exhibitors. The façade
of the building presents an arcaded, cloister-like appearance, the oak-timbered
overhanging eaves producing the shadow. In the center of each face are
placed the important entrances. On the north and south façade the
entrances are flanked with towers, which form the most noticeable feature.
The entrances between these towers are ornamented with single and double
columns. They are flanked by arcades extending each way to the low corner
pavilions. These are also used as entrances, and are ornamented in the
manner of the Spanish Renaissance. The roofs are covered with the typical
Spanish mission tile, and the window-openings with copies of the wrought-iron
work peculiar to the Spanish style of building. The Machinery Building
is 500 feet long by 350 feet wide, and the highest towers are 170 feet