The Organ in the Temple of Music and the Organists Who Performed at the Pan-American Exposition
it was initially proposed that daily organ recitals be held at the Temple
of Music over the course of five months at the Exposition, the reaction
of the directors was not enthusiastic. However, principally through the
efforts of Simon Fleischmann, a member of the Committee on Music, a successful
plan was developed to invite more than seventy organists from the United
States, Canada, England, Belgium, and Germany to perform. The committee
made a special effort to include noted American women organists as well,
and six women were listed in the preliminary guide, Music
at the Pan-American Exposition: Organists, Orchestras, Bands, Buffalo
1901, [Buffalo, N. Y.: The Pan-American Exposition Company], 1901.
of the Temple of Music, showing the position of the organ, by the
architects Esenwein & Johnson.
history of the organ installed in the Temple of Music is less than clear.
It has been reported that the organ was originally ordered from builder
Emmons Howard by the St. Louis Church on Main Street, but how it came
to be used at the Exposition is not clear. The original cost of the organ
by unidentified photographer of the Temple of Music organ.
the Exposition the organ was installed in the Elmwood Music Hall,
where it was in use until 1938 when the old hall was replaced by Kleinhans
Music Hall. The organ was put into storage in the barns on Cassy Street
where it deteriorated beyond repair. An article in the May 19, 1942
issue of the Buffalo News reported that the remains of the
organ had been sold for $165.
photograph of the interior of the Temple of Music
of the 4-manual organ exist in the Exposition's booklet,
Music at the Pan-American Exposition, Organists, Orchestras, Bands, Buffalo
1901, (p. 4-5) and in Emmons Howard's own pamphlet, The Great
Organ in the Temple of Music, Buffalo, N.Y. : built by Emmons Howard & Son,
Westfield, Mass., and Buffalo, N.Y. The specifications
state that the organ contained a total of 3228 organ pipes, a moderately
large organ for its time. Howard utilized the latest in contemporary technology
in building the organ, including sforzando and crescendo pedals, an enclosed
Choir division, adjustable combination action, and tubular pneumatic action.
He was awarded a gold medal at the Exposition for his design.
was born in Brimfield, Mass. October 1, 1845 and died in Westfield, Mass.
on March 18, 1931. After working for noted organ builders William A. Johnson
and John Steere, Howard opened his own organ building business in 1883.
Although Howard had hoped to parlay the success of the Exposition organ
into more business contracts, this did not occur and he continued operating
a fairly small business until his retirement in 1929.
of the tangential questions regarding the organ in the Temple of Music
regards which piece of music was being played by official Exposition
organist William J. Gomph at the time
Leon Czolgosz shot President William McKinley. Most sources state
that Gomph was performing a Bach sonata at the time. However, according
to an interview by organist Dr. David Bond with Gomph's daughter Martha
Gomph in June 2001, he was quietly playing Robert Schumann's Träumerei
to the Final Report to the Director-General in the Pan-American Exposition
Company Papers, seventy-one organists performed at the Exposition at a
cost of only $7000. The Report refers to the five months of concerts as "the most extensive and artistic series of organ recitals ever given
in the world." According to the daily programs, 197 organ recitals
were given at the Temple of Music by the end of the Exposition.
of organists that performed at the Exposition was an extraordinarily
rich one. Brief biographies and portraits of the organists, including
those listed on this web page, can be found in Music
at the Pan-American Exposition: Organists, Orchestras, Bands, Buffalo,
1901. The list includes famous American organists, such as
Clarence Eddy and Henry Gordon Thunder. It also includes eight organists
who were either from or residing in Buffalo: Seth Colgrove Clark,
William J. Gomph, who at 23 years of age was appointed official Exposition
organist, Henry Stuart Hendy, William Sheridan Jarrett, Emily Loucetta
Maynard, Mary Florence McConnell, Gerrit Smith, and Andrew T. Webster.
Buffalo Organists at the Pan-American Exposition
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