Skip to Content
ublogo print

University at Buffalo Libraries

Pan-American Exposition of 1901

Music and Musicans


  • Introduction

    A general overview of music at the Pan-American Exposition, with a map of the music venues on the Exposition grounds.

  • The Temple of Music

    Background information about the major musical venue at the Exposition, with twenty-eight images, including those of the Temple under construction, its interior, daylight and nightime shots from different perspectives, and architectural drawings. Four images of the Isidore Konti sculptures that adorned the building are included.

  • Bandstands:

    Eleven images of the Plaza, Esplanade, and Casino bandstands.

  • Sheet Music

    Twenty-eight pieces of sheet music written for or about the Exposition, including songs lamenting the death of President McKinley. Audio files of some of the pieces are also available.

  • Bands

    Bands that performed at the Exposition, including eighteen images.

  • Music Guide

    Music at the Pan-American Exposition: Organists, Orchestras, Bands, Buffalo, 1901 was the official guide to "scheduled" music performed at the major musical venues at the Exposition. It includes a description of the Emmons Howard organ in the Temple of Music, portraits of and biographical information about the organists who were scheduled to perform, and descriptions and images of the bands that performed. The page contains an index to this guide and a link to the complete guide, viewable page by page.

  • Personal Accounts and Stories:

    The three personal accounts of musical activities at the Exposition include an excerpt from John Philip Sousa's autobiography, a description of the circumstances under which Victor Herbert's composition Pan-Americana was submitted to the Exposition competition, and Benita Gray's diary account of two visits to the Exposition, including one during which she sang at the Welsh Day choral competition on September 20, 1901. Mrs. Gray's diary entries make many references to buildings and events at the Exposition and links have been provided to allow the user to see many of the same sights that she may have seen.Also included is a page about singer Nina Morgana, who sang at the Exposition at age nine and went on to a successful career at the Metropolitan Opera in New York.

  • Ethnic Music:

    Ten images of some of the types of ethnic music performed at the Exposition, including Mexican, Italian, Philippine, Middle Eastern, and African. Images of four instruments from the African Village now in the collections of the Buffalo Museum of Science are included.

  • Organ and Organists:

    Images, description, and specifications of the Emmons Howard organ in the Temple of Music, with further information about some of the noted organists who performed at the Exposition.

  • Instruments:

    Background on some of the other instruments displayed at the Exposition, including images of the Steinway piano still located in the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society's building, which was the New York State Building during the time of the Exposition.

  • Essays:

    Essays contributed by Robert Berkman on player pianos and Frank Cipolla on bands at the turn of the century.