Limnetic Stickleback

Data Sheet 7

Courtship behaviors among limnetic and benthic sticklebacks

(Ridgeway and McPhail 1984)



Male approach = percentage of male approaches eliciting a positive female response.
Male lead = direction of male swimming while leading female.
Female position = position of female relative to male as she starts to follow his lead.



  Limnetic male +
Limnetic female
Limnetic male +
Benthic female
Benthic male +
Benthic female
Male approach:
          Straight
          Zigzag
          Bite
 
16.5%
53.5%
30.1%
 
34.5%
44.8%
20.7%
 
24.6%
10.1%
65.2%
Male lead:
          Direct
          Meandering
 
64.5%
35.4%
 
33.3%
66.7%
 
16.7%
83.3%
Female position:
          Above male
          Alongside male
          Behind male
 
3.3%
39.6%
57.1%
 
19.0%
54.8%
26.2%
 
53.0%
7.6%
39.4%


Note:  The benthic male and limnetic female combination yielded no positive female responses.



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