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University at Buffalo Libraries

Transforming Scholarly Communication & Publishing

Open Access Publishing

What is open access publishing?


Simply put, open access (OA) journals are freely available to readers on the Internet and do not have subscription charges.

  • Open Access Overview: provides an introduction to OA for those new to the concept.
  • How Open Is It?: outlines the core components of OA with the goal of helping authors make informed decisions on where to publish based on journal policies.
  • CreateChange: suggests practical ways that OA can provide greater returns on your research.

Why is open access publishing important?

The goal of open access is to improve upon the traditional scholarly publishing system by making research more accessible. More and more governmental and private funding agencies are requiring open access to research they fund. The time is ripe for improvement because of the convergence of four factors:

  1. Funding Mandates: In 2008, a strong National Institute of Health policy went in effect requiring open access to all journal articles based on research funded by NIH. In February 2013, the White House issued a new policy directive that all major federal agencies require articles based on government funded research be made open access within 1 year of publication.
  2. Internet: the Internet offers the potential to maximize the visibility and impact of scholarly research.
  3. Copyright: by protecting their copyrights authors can increase access their scholarship.
  4. Costs: the cost and the number of scholarly journals have escalated to the point where no single institution can afford to provide access to them all.

How can I identify open access journals in my field?

The number and quality of OA journals is growing. Here are some resources to help you identify OA journals that you may want to consider as publishing outlets:


How do I judge the quality of open access journals?

Many OA journals typically adhere to the same quality and peer review standards established by traditional journals. However, because many OA journals are new, it can be difficult to assess quality. Unfortunately, there also have been some start ups engaging in unethical practices including listing editorial board members without their permission and doing little, if any, peer review. If you have any questions about the reputation of a journal, please contact your departmental (subject specialist) librarian Here are a few resources that can help:


Publishing scholarly research is not without costs… how are those costs covered?

Open access publishers use a variety of methods to defray costs:

  • Volunteer efforts: many OA publishers rely on the efforts of the research community – networks of scholars who volunteer their time to help publish OA journals in their fields. Open Humanities Press and Speleobiology Notes are two examples.
  • Author fees: other OA publishers charge article processing charges (APC’s). These fees vary in cost and are often paid for using grant money or are paid by the author’s institution. PLOS Biology is an OA journal that relies on APC’s.
  • Alternative revenue streams: many OA journals are free to read online but they charge for advertisements, memberships, print versions, conferences. The British Medical Journal is an OA journal that leverages a combination of these revenue streams.

How can the UB Libraries help with OA publishing?

To discuss your specific interests and needs, contact Charles Lyons.