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Pan-American Exposition of 1901

Copyright & Use Restrictions

The University at Buffalo's University Libraries Pan-American Exposition Exhibit Group has curated this online exhibit, Illuminations: Revisiting the Buffalo Pan-American Exposition of 1901 for purposes of education and scholarship. The images and text in may be protected by U. S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). In addition, reproduction of non-copyrighted materials in this exhibit may be restricted by terms of University Libraries purchase agreements, donor restrictions, privacy and publicity rights, or licensing and trademarks. Transmission or reproduction of protected items in this online exhibit, for purposes falling outside the auspices of fair use, requires the permission of the University Libraries or the copyright owners.


This exhibit is comprised of digital reproductions of photographs and documents held by the University Libraries, other libraries and repositories as well as numerous private collectors. Images have been used with permission and every effort has been made to provide sufficient and accurate attribution. Since the University Libraries do not own rights to many of these materials, it is the obligation of the patron to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing any materials found in this exhibit.


This exhibit contains text compiled from numerous sources, including historical documents, essays and explanatory material.

  • Contemporary texts reproduced here (i.e. journal or newspaper articles) are cited in captions and footnotes. Every attempt has been made to reproduce in full, only those items determined to exist within the public domain.
  • The rights to contributed essays are held by the individual authors. Unless otherwise noted, reproduction of the text and images used in these essays is forbidden without the expressed permission of the author(s).
  • The text accompanying the exhibit materials is the intellectual property of exhibit curators and research contributors. Since this exhibit has been created for purposed of education and scholarship, this information may be used for educational and research purposes so long as proper credit is assigned.

Because of the nature of historical archival collections, copyright is often difficult to determine. The University Libraries and the curators of the Illuminations online exhibit have made every attempt to provide information about copyright owners and other restrictions in illustration captions and texts. Such information is provided to aid patrons in determining the appropriate use of an item. However, determination of copyright or other use restrictions ultimately rests with the patron.

If patrons have any information on copyright or use restrictions related to an item found in this online exhibit, or, if any errors in the information presented are discovered, please do not hesitate to contact the UB Libraries. We are committed to presenting the most accurate information possible within the foundations of academic integrity and U.S. Copyright Law.