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Pan-American Exposition of 1901

The Government Building1


THIS building more than any other on the grounds is Spanish-American in its architecture, directly suggesting the type of the Mexican church. It closely resembles the great Cathedral of the City of Mexico. The treatment of the columns in the portico shows the influence of the modern French spirit, and the quadriga on the dome, as well as the general form of the building, which is distinctly that of an exposition building, prevents it from being a misapplied copy. The ground-plan is the same as that of the Horticultural Group of buildings opposite, both of which were agreed upon when the plan of the grounds was laid out. It consists of a large center building with dome and two flanking square pavilions connecting with each center building by semicircular arcades. The large center mass is made picturesque by numerous small towers and gilded domes and the use of picturesque Mexican gables at the north and south ends. The stately portico fronting on the Esplanade is not only impressive in its composition, but pleasantly suggestive of the United States Capitol at Washington, a suggestion which the public of America has come to look for in every building representing the national government.


1. Text quoted directly from the Art Hand-Book, Official Handbook of Architecture and Sculpture and Art Catalogue to the Pan-American Exposition. Ed. David Gray. Buffalo, N.Y.: David Gray, 1901. Sources of the images are noted with each.