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University at Buffalo Libraries

The Poetry Collection

Case XIV: Critical Works From Buffalo

112. Time, 33.19, May 8, 1939.

Joyce made the cover of Time magazine shortly after Finnegans Wake was published. The cover photograph was taken by Gièsele Freund. On display is Joyce's personal copy. Joyce had been on the cover of Time before, in 1934 when Ulysses was first legally published in America.

113. Bernard Gheerbrant, James Joyce: Sa Vie, Son OEuvre, Son Rayonnement, 1949.


This is the catalogue for the exhibit of Joyce's personal collection that was organized by Bernard Gheerbrant. Through a generous gift from Margaretta F. Wickser, Buffalo was able to purchase this collection.

114. Thomas E. Connolly, The Personal Library of James Joyce, 1955.

The University of Buffalo Studies | [rule] | VOLUME 22 NUMBER 1 APRIL, 1955 | [rule] | MONOGRAPHS IN ENGLISH: No. 6 | THE PERSONAL LIBRARY | OF | JAMES JOYCE | A DESCRIPTIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY | [rule] | By Thomas E. Connolly | Department of English | The University of Buffalo | [rule] | PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY OF BUFFALO | ON THE ROSWELL PARK PUBLICATION FUND

Thomas Connolly, of the UB English department, was one of the first scholars to take advantage of the treasure-trove of Joyceana Buffalo acquired from the La Hune sale. His first, of many, contributions was this descriptive bibliography of Joyce's personal library.

115. James Joyce, Epiphanies, introduction and notes by Oscar A. Silverman, 1956.


Although Joyce's epiphanies were an integral aspect of his early ¾sthetic theory (items 5 and 6, case I), the actual epiphanies he wrote as a young man were unknown until Oscar Silverman published this collection of the epiphanies at Buffalo. This edition of the epiphanies was limited to 550 copies, copy #496 is on display. The sketch of Joyce opposite the title page is by Constantin Brancusi. Subsequently, the epiphanies have been published in Robert Scholes and Richard M. Kain's The Workshop of D¾dalus (1965) and Richard Ellmann, A.Walton Litz, and John Whittier-Ferguson's edition of Joyce's Poems and Shorter Writings (1991). A new edition of the epiphanies, edited by Melissa Banta, is presently in preparation.

116. Michael Groden, "Ulysses" in Progress, 1977.

Ulysses in Progress | [rule] | Michael Groden | Princeton University Press | Princeton, New Jersey

Michael Groden, a native Buffalonian, wrote this detailed and precise account of how the text of Ulysses evolved over its seven-year composition. Obviously, Groden made great use of the manuscripts in the Buffalo collection. His is the standard work on the subject.

117. Thomas E. Connolly, James Joyce's "Scribbledehobble," 1961.


Finnegans Wake notebook VI.A is unusual in several respects: it is much larger than all the other notebooks and Joyce divided it into forty-seven sections, each having a title drawn from his previous literary works and with a section for each episode in Ulysses. There are four additional sections at the end: "Personal," "Words," "Names," and "Books." For a long time, because of its distinctive format, it was assumed that this notebook was the first Wake notebook. It is commonly called "Scribbledehobble" after the first word in the notebook (this appears in the Wake at 275.22). Contemporary scholarship has challenged the primacy of VI.A and it is now certain that at least three notebooks preceded this one (items 102 and 103, case XIII). It appears that some time in 1923 Joyce used this notebook to organize and consolidate notes from other notebooks; however, he did not continue this process for long. In 1926, he used this notebook again to consolidate some notes and there are additional Wake-related notes in other hands. Connolly's transcription, while flawed in places, is pioneering in that this was the first attempt to transcribe a Wake notebook. Although some of his presuppositions are now known to be incorrect, the scholarship that led to recent discoveries would not have been possible without Connolly's work and this book.

118. Roland McHugh, The "Finnegans Wake" Experience, 1981.

Roland McHugh | [rule] | THE | Finnegans Wake | EXPERIENCE | IRISH ACADEMIC PRESS | Dublin

Roland McHugh is perhaps the single most famous Wake scholar by virtue of his indispensable Annotations to "Finnegans Wake" (1980, revised 1991). In this book, McHugh devotes a chapter to the Buffalo Wake notebooks, which have informed much of his work in the Annotations.

119. Melissa Banta and Oscar A. Silverman, James Joyce's Letters to Sylvia Beach, 1987, 1990.

Melissa Banta | Oscar A. Silverman | JAMES JOYCE'S | LETTERS | TO SYLVIA BEACH | 1921-1940 | PLANTIN PUBLISHERS

Oscar A. Silverman, of the UB English department, and Melissa Banta, then the Associate Curator of The Poetry Collection (and the daughter of Margaretta F. Wickser, who generously subsidized Buffalo's purchase of the La Hune collection), scrupulously edited the letters between Joyce and Beach that are part of the Buffalo collection. These letters provide valuable documentation of the composition of both Ulysses and Finnegans Wake.

120. Peter Spielberg, James Joyce's Manuscripts and Letters at the University of Buffalo: A Catalogue, 1962.

JAMES JOYCE'S | MANUSCRIPTS & LETTERS at | the UNIVERSITY of BUFFALO | A CATALOGUE | Compiled and with an Introduction by | PETER SPIELBERG | Published by the University of Buffalo [dot] 1962

The thankless task of going through the thousands and thousands of pages that constitute Buffalo's Joyce holdings went to Peter Spielberg, one of Connolly's students. Spielberg begins his catalogue by saying: "To praise the scope of the collection of James Joyce manuscripts now part of the Lockwood Memorial Library of the University of Buffalo would certainly be redundant, since the reader need only turn to the catalogue that follows to be immediately convinced of the immeasurable importance of the collection." [69] With great ability, Spielberg categorized the collection in a cogent manner. The catalog numbers used throughout this catalog all derive from Spielberg. He attempted a preliminary dating of all the Finnegans Wake notebooks; his dating has been revised and updated several times since by other scholars (items 121 and 125), but Spielberg's work was truly groundbreaking for its time. The materials that arrived in the second Beach consignment arrived after Spielberg completed his catalog and are thus not included.

121. Danis Rose, The Textual Diaries of James Joyce, 1995.

Danis Rose | The Textual Diaries | of James Joyce | The Lilliput Press [dot] Dublin

In this pioneering and controversial study, Danis Rose describes the evolution of Finnegans Wake in terms of the Buffalo notebooks. Among other things, he offers a very precise chronology of the notebooks, updating the work done by Spielberg (item 120) and others before him.

122. Philip F. Herring, Joyce's Notes and Early Drafts for "Ulysses": Selections from the Buffalo Collection, 1977.

Edited by Philip F. Herring | Joyce's Notes and | Early Drafts for Ulysses | Selections from | the Buffalo Collection | Published for the Bibliographical Society of | the University of Virginia | By the University Press of Virginia | Charlottesville

In this book, Philip Herring provides transcriptions and commentaries for a selection of the Ulysses notebooks and holograph drafts at Buffalo.

123. David Hayman, The "Wake" in Transit, 1990.

The "Wake" in Transit | David Hayman | Cornell University Press | ITHACA AND LONDON

In this work, Hayman studies the importance of Finnegans Wake notebook VI.B.3, and other early notebooks, to describe the early evolution of Joyce's last book. The cover shows two images from notebook VI.B.3. In 1956, Hayman published his two-volume study Joyce et Mallarmé, for which he consulted Joyce's Finnegans Wake notebooks at Buffalo to further his arguments about Mallarmé's influence on Joyce. His meticulous study of the notebooks, makes Hayman the first Joycean to engage in what is now called genetic criticism.

124. The James Joyce Archive, general editor: Michael Groden, 1977-1980.

JAMES JOYCE | FINNEGANS WAKE | A Facsimile of Buffalo Notebooks VI.B.5-VI.B.8 | Prefaced & Arranged by | DAVID HAYMAN | [publisher's device] Garland Publishing, Inc. | New York & London [dot] 1978

In the 1970s, Buffalo was a key participant in The James Joyce Archive. Published in 63 volumes between 1977 and 1980, under the general editorship of Michael Groden, the Archive provided reproductions of all the then-known extant Joyce manuscripts. Obviously, Buffalo's extensive collection was fundamental to this project: the Finnegans Wake notebooks alone take up 16 of the Archive's 63 volumes. The Wake volumes were edited by David Hayman and Danis Rose. Perhaps overstating the case, in his review of the Archive for the James Joyce Quarterly, Phillip Herring called its publication "an event of galactic importance." 70]

On display is one of the Wake notebook volumes, which contains images of four notebooks. The photograph of Joyce opposite the title page was taken by Joseph Breitenbach.

125. James Joyce, The "Finnegans Wake" Notebooks at Buffalo: VI.B.10, 2001.

JAMES JOYCE | THE FINNEGANS WAKE NOTEBOOKS AT BUFFALO | Notebook VI.B.10 | Editors: Vincent Deane, | Daniel Ferrer, Geert Lernout | Introduction: Vincent Deane | Bibliographic description: Luca Crispi | [image of the cover of notebook VI.B.10] | Editorial Committee at Buffalo: | Robert J. Bertholf, Luca Crispi, Sam Slote | Editorial Board: Jacques Aubert, Michael Groden, Clive Hart, David Hayman, | Thomas Headrick, Claude Jacquet, Roland McHugh, Seán Sweeney | BREPOLS PUBLISHERS

The Wake notebook volumes of the Archive are now being supplemented by the ongoing "Finnegans Wake" Notebooks at Buffalo series, the current major Joyce project being undertaken at Buffalo. The Archive merely reproduced images of the notebooks, and with the exception of an introductory essay in each volume, there was no editorial apparatus. In distinction, the Notebooks at Buffalo series is a fully integrated and cross-referenced edition of all the extant Finnegans Wake notebooks. Each volume covers a single notebook and six volumes will be published a year. The project began in 2001 and will continue for more years yet. Each volume has a full, annotated transcription of each notebook, indicating both the sources for individual notebook entries and information about the draft point-of-entry for material that Joyce included into his drafts. Newly-scanned images of each notebook page are also included of a quality that exceeds the reproductions in the Archive. In order to bring about such an ambitious project, Buffalo assembled an international group of leading Wake notebook scholars. Making the notebooks widely available in such a comprehensively-edited fashion will allow for a critical investigation of Joyce's creative processes that may be unparalleled in the history of literary scholarship.

On display is a copy of the VI.B.10 installment, opened on the first page (item 102, case XIII). Also on display, closed, is the installment for VI.B.29. The cover image is Constantin Brancusi's 1929 sketch of Joyce (portrait D).