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Holograph Draft of an Addition to the First Placards for the “Cyclops” (12) Episode (1921)

Material Description and Collation

The manuscript is composed of 2 loose sheets of large unlined paper (similar in kind to MSS V.A.20 and V.A.22), which were either torn from a notebook or were part of larger sheets. Joyce wrote on the recto pages only (the versos are blank) in black ink, with a pencil line indicating the placement of an insertion on p. [1r]. The sheets were cleaned, de-acidified and individually encapsulated in February 1988.


Both sheets measure 30.4 x approximately 19.5–20.0 cm.


The manuscript contains a late addition that Joyce submitted to the printers for insertion on the first setting of text in proofs, the first placards ( Pl 34.i), for “Cyclops” that were set on 1 October 1921 and then the second setting, which incorporated this additional text, was pulled on 4 October.

The manuscript is a later version of the draft Joyce wrote on Buffalo MS V.A.2.b, p. [12v]. The text on each page of this manuscript is as follows:

MS V.A.9 Page Ulysses Text 1922 (1992) / 1986
[1r]: “1” 294.07–296.02 / 12.0534–0607
[2r]: “2” 296.02–296.03 / 12.0607–0608


Joyce foliated both leaves toward the bottom of the left margin of the recto pages “1)” and “2)” in pencil.

Other Markings

Joyce tagged this manuscript “A” in the top left corner of p. [1] in red crayon. During conservation, therefore after the manuscript’s publication in the JJA , the recto of each leaf was marked “V. A. 9. p 1” and “V. A. 9. p 2” in lower right corner in pencil.


Joyce wrote this manuscript in late September 1921 in Paris.


The manuscript has been reproduced in black and white photo-facsimile on JJA 13.172–173. It has been transcribed and annotated in Phillip F. Herring (ed.), Joyce’s Notes and Early Drafts for “Ulysses”: Selections from the Buffalo Collection , (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1977), pp. 130–131. See also Michael Groden, “Cyclops in Progress, 1919,” JJQ 12.1/2, (Fall 1974/Winter 1975), pp. 123–168 and “Ulysses” in Progress , (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977), especially pp. 163–165.